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Prostate Cancer More Lethal Among Smokers

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Patients with prostate cancer are at an increased risk of death due to prostate cancer if they smoke cigarettes at the time of their treatment. These results were recently published in BJU International.

Cigarette smoking is known to increase the risk of several different types of cancers.

In addition to increasing the risk of developing cancer, researchers are also evaluating the ways in which smoking affects a patient’s overall health with cancer.

Researchers recently evaluated data from 2,358 patients receiving radiation therapy for localized prostate cancer. Data was compared in regards to spread of cancer to distant sites, side effects of radiation therapy and survival among those who currently smoked cigarettes, compared to those who did not smoke.

Patients who smoked during the time of treatment were at a significantly increased risk of cancer spread to distant sites and death from prostate cancer.
Patients who had previously smoked were at an increased risk of genitourinary side effects following treatment.
The researchers stated that these results should encourage oncologists who are treating patients with prostate cancer to enroll their patients in smoking cessation programs.

Reference: Steinberger E, Kollmeier M, McBride S, et al. Cigarette smoking during external beam radiation therapy for prostate cancer is associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer-specific mortality and treatment-related toxicity. BJU International. Article first published online: 27 JAN 2015. DOI: 10.1111/bju.12969.